GAAP vs IFRS: 6 Differences Between Accounting Standards 2023

international financial reporting

By the late 1980s, the need for a common body of international standards to facilitate cross-border capital flows had generated a high level of worldwide interest. The FASB decided that the need for international standards was strong enough to warrant more focused activity on its part. When we see legislative developments affecting the accounting profession, we speak up with a collective voice and advocate on your behalf.

What is difference between auditing in the US and auditing internationally?

US auditing standards are more binding than international auditing standards. Bothe audit standards provide some laws and regulations for the appropriate audit procedure. The auditors use these regulations for the accurate checking of financial statements.

One common language for reporting financial results to investors. Companies that are reporting with different accounting schemes. As far as the rate of pay is concerned, the median is about $71,000 annually. With the high demand for accountants overseas, the rate of pay is likely to rise so that companies can attract the best talent. In the European Union, the average salary is between 3,000 and 4,000 euros monthly. The maximum, therefore, is roughly $58,000 in U.S. currency once one factors the exchange.


Put together with corporate preferences, which were stuck in the same rut as that of the robber barons, and a distinct allergy to change, despite the advent of new accounting principles, the GAAP remained the standard in the United States. Additionally, the Securities and Exchange Commission’s position is antithetical to change, too, because they fear litigation on the part of companies that want things the way they’ve always been rather than what’s better. In countries around the world, accounting has marched on and has developed stronger systems and quicker-to-implement policies.

  • In 2008, the Securities and Exchange Commission issued a road map for the United States to implement International Financial Reporting Standards that would eventually lead to the dissolution of US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles .
  • The increasing number of countries around the world that have decided to require the use of IFRS has increased the comparability of reporting internationally.
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  • In the United States, the FASB does not have a separate definition for property used as an investment only.

In late 2007, the FASB and the IASB completed their first major joint project and issued substantially converged standards on business combinations . When the FASB took on a project to revise its accounting standard on foreign currency, it decided to include representatives of the UK Accounting Standards Board, the Accounting Standards Board of Canada, and the IASC on its Task Force. This was one of the FASB’s first efforts to formally collaborate internationally when developing a standard. The AICPA and its counterparts in the United Kingdom and Canada formed a group to study the differences among their standards. The group was active for about 10 years, producing studies of differences in 20 areas of accounting that also included conclusions on best practices. Interest in international accounting began to grow in the late 1950s and early 1960s due to post World War II economic integration and the related increase in cross-border capital flows.

What is IFRS?

Under the proposed Roadmap, the Commission would decide by 2011 whether adoption of IFRS would be in the public interest and would benefit investors. The proposed Roadmap identified several milestones that, if achieved, could lead to the use of IFRS by U.S. issuers. The SEC also proposed that U.S. issuers meeting certain criteria be given the option of filing financial statements prepared using IFRS as issued by the IASB as early as years ending after December 15, 2009 .

You should not act on the information in the profiles, and you should obtain specific professional advice to before making any decisions or taking any action. To assess our progress towards the global adoption of IFRS Accounting Standards, we monitor the application of those standards in each jurisdiction. The ISSB will deliver a global baseline of sustainability disclosures to meet capital market needs.

Pros and Cons of Gaap and Ifrs Convergence

On June 24, 2010, the us accounting vs international accounting and IASB issued a quarterly joint progress report that describes that modified work plan. On March 11, 2009, the FAF and FASB responded to the SEC’s request for comments on its proposed Roadmap. In November 2008, the SEC published for public comment a proposed Roadmap to the possible use of IFRS by U.S. issuers beginning in 2014.


If the inventory was recorded using the first in, first out method, the COGS would be $300. This method is used in periods of rising prices or inflation because higher costs and lower net income means lower taxable income. The GAAP outlines the procedures and practices that must be followed by public companies in the US, including what financial statements and other information must be recorded and reported.

Ifrs Synthesis Essay

In November 2010, the FASB and IASB issued a quarterly progress report on the status of their work to complete the MoU. That progress report describes the Boards’ affirmation of the priorities laid out in their June 2010 report described above. It also describes how the Boards modified aspects of their plans for other projects in order to put them in the best position to complete the priority projects by the June 2011 target date. In September 2008,the FASB and the IASB issued an update to the 2006 MoU to report the progress they have made since 2006 and to establish their convergence goals through 2011 .

memorandum of understanding

Today, you’ll find our 431,000+ members in 130 countries and territories, representing many areas of practice, including business and industry, public practice, government, education and consulting. Under GAAP, development costs are expensed as incurred, with the exception of internally developed software. For software that will be used externally, costs are capitalized once technological feasibility has been demonstrated. If the software will only be used internally, GAAP requires capitalization only during the development stage.